Timeline

I am building the visual music timeline from scratch. All of the information in the old one (and a good deal more) will be incorporated here shortly. If you need it or the page on pioneers in the meantime, you can find them on the 1998-2018 RhythmicLight site.

Many of the entries in the additional information section contain links to supporting material. Please let me know of material that should be added.

Additional information

1704NewtonIsaac Newton, Opticks, Prop. VI Prob. II.
1725CastelMaarten Franssen; Hankins, 1994; Peacock 1988, pp. 399-401; Graves 1951, p. 411; Wagler 1974, p. 162; Popper 1968, p 156.
1789DarwinErasmus Darwin, The Botanical Garden Part II The Loves of Plants, Interlude III, p. 140; Peacock 1988, p. 401.
1834
ColeCole’s diary entry; Noble 1964, p. 140-141.
1844JamesonPeacock 1988, p. 401′ Popper 1968, p. 157.
1869-73KastnerPeacock 1988, p. 397; Popper 1968, p. 157.
1877BishopPeacock 1988, p. 401; Popper 1968, p. 157.
1893RimingtonPeacock 1988, pp. 401-2; Kushner 1990, p. 105; Popper 1968, p. 157.
1894LindKargon 2011, p. 1.
1903MichelsonHankins, 1994, p. 155. Wagler 1974, p. 162; Birren 1961, p. 165.
1906“Visual music”John E. Bowlt 1986, p. 171; James M. Baker 2002, p. 71.
1909KandinskyHoltzman 1994, p. 72.
1909ShoenbergGerstner 1986, p. 165.
1912-13SurvageRussett and Starr 1988, p. 35.
1912
HectorPeacock 1988, p. 403; State Library of New South Wales’ Alexander Burnett Hector page.
1915ScriabinGraves 1951 p. 411; Gerstner 1986, p. 165; Peacock 1985, pp. 402-3; James M. Baker, 2002, pp. 61-95.
1916RussellKushner 1990, pp. 105-109.
1920RossineGerstner 1986, p. 165.
1921GreenewaltAmy Alexander’s Mary Hallock Greenewalt Visibility Project; Peacock 1988, p. 404.
1921RichterdeGuthmann 1974, p. 8; Holtzman 1994, p. 188.
1921RuttmannRussett and Starr 1988, p.40; Duchting 1997, p. 40.
1922RossineRossine’s Optiphonic Piano; Gerstner 1986, p. 165.
1922WilfredClaire Voon’s Hyperallergic article; Malina 1974, p. 64; Pelligrino 1983, pp. 5-6; Peacock 1988, pp. 404-405.
1923Hirshfeld-MackPeacock 1988, p.404; Duchting 1997, p. 40.
1924EggelingGraves 1951, p. 413; Holtzman 1994, p. 188.
1924Macdonald-WrightStanton Macdonald-Wright, 1924; South, 2001, pp.30-35.
1927-31FischingerRussett and Starr 1988, p.57.
1930Moholy-NagyMoholy-Nagy 1970, p. 148; Harvard Museum Gallery Text.
1934GreenewaltSee 1921 Greenewalt (above).
1939-40WhitneysWhitney 1980, p. 225.
1941-57SmithThe Harry Smith Archives; Igliori 1996, p. 30.
1952AsimovIsaac Asimov, Foundation and Empire, chapter 17.
1953PaskPask, “A comment, a case history and a plan,” also in Reichardt 1971, pp. 76-99.
1958PhilipsPhilips design; Pellegrino 1983, p. 12; Gerstner 1988, p. 167.
1968LeonardoLeonardo/ISAST
1969Macdonald-WrightSouth 2001, p. 143.
1970GerstnerGerstner 1986, pp. 124-162.
1980WhitneyWhitney, Digital Harmony, 1980.