Timeline

Every generation, it seems, must re-discover and re-define the art of color-music for itself. And rarely does there appear to be awareness that previous activity has occurred.

Kenneth Peacock


A timeline is a useful way to organize information about an area so often taken to be all about the new. In addition to providing support for an item’s presence on the timeline, many of the entries in the additional information section contain links to original materials. Please let me know of events or material that should be added.

Additional information

1704NewtonIsaac Newton, Opticks, Prop. VI Prob. II.
1725CastelMaarten Franssen; Hankins, 1994; Peacock 1988, pp. 399-401; Graves 1951, p. 411; Wagler 1974, p. 162; Popper 1968, p 156.
1789DarwinErasmus Darwin, The Botanical Garden Part II The Loves of Plants, Interlude III, p. 140; Peacock 1988, p. 401.
1834
ColeCole’s diary entry; Noble 1964, p. 140-141.
1844JamesonPeacock 1988, p. 401′ Popper 1968, p. 157.
1869-73KastnerPeacock 1988, p. 397; Popper 1968, p. 157.
1877BishopPeacock 1988, p. 401; Popper 1968, p. 157.
1893RimingtonPeacock 1988, pp. 401-2; Kushner 1990, p. 105; Popper 1968, p. 157.
1894LindKargon 2011, p. 1.
1903MichelsonHankins, 1994, p. 155. Wagler 1974, p. 162; Birren 1961, p. 165.
1906“Visual music”John E. Bowlt 1986, p. 171; James M. Baker 2002, p. 71.
1909KandinskyHoltzman 1994, p. 72.
1909ShoenbergGerstner 1986, p. 165.
1912-13SurvagePutnam 1929, pp. 112-129; Russett and Starr 1988, p. 35; MOMA’s Colored Rhythm: 59 Studies for the film.
1912
HectorPeacock 1988, p. 403; State Library of New South Wales’ Alexander Burnett Hector page.
1915ScriabinGraves 1951 p. 411; Gerstner 1986, p. 165; Peacock 1985, pp. 402-3; James M. Baker, 2002, pp. 61-95.
1916RussellKushner 1990, pp. 105-109.
1920RossineGerstner 1986, p. 165.
1921GreenewaltAmy Alexander’s Mary Hallock Greenewalt Visibility Project; Peacock 1988, p. 404.
1921RuttmannRussett and Starr 1988, p.40; Duchting 1997, p. 40.
1921RichterdeGuthmann 1974, p. 8; Holtzman 1994, p. 188; Von Hofacker in Foster [ed.] 1998, p. 256; Moritz “Restoring the aesthetics of early abstract films”.
1922RossineRossine’s Optiphonic Piano; Gerstner 1986, p. 165.
1922WilfredClaire Voon’s Hyperallergic article; Malina 1974, p. 64; Pelligrino 1983, pp. 5-6; Peacock 1988, pp. 404-405.
1923Hirshfeld-MackPeacock 1988, p.404; Duchting 1997, p. 40.
1924EggelingGraves 1951, p. 413; Holtzman 1994, p. 188.
1924Macdonald-WrightStanton Macdonald-Wright, 1924; South, 2001, pp.30-35.
1930FischingerRussett and Starr 1988, p.57; Center for Visual Music’s Oskar Fischinger site.
1930Moholy-NagyMoholy-Nagy 1970, p. 148; Harvard Museum Gallery Text.
1934GreenewaltSee 1921 Greenewalt (above).
1934-35ButeCenter for Visual Music’s Mary Ellen Bute site.
1939-40WhitneysWhitney 1980, p. 225
1946SmithThe Harry Smith archives; Bill Mortz’s 2001 talk at the Getty’s Harry Smith Symposium; Igliori 1996, p. 30.
1952AsimovIsaac Asimov, Foundation and Empire, chapter 17.
1953PaskPask, “A comment, a case history and a plan,” also in Reichardt 1971, pp. 76-99; Usman Haque’s description.
1955FischingerU.S. Patent # 2,707,103; CVM’s Lumigraph page.
1957BelsonCenter for Visual Music’s Jordan Belson Bibliography; Youngblood 1970, pp. 157-177; Igliori 1986, p. 269; Cindy Keefer’s SF Museum of Art post.
1958PhilipsPhilips design; Pellegrino 1983, p. 12; Gerstner 1988, p. 167.
1968LeonardoLeonardo/ISAST
1968TrumbullYoungblood 1970, pp. 151-156.
1969Macdonald-WrightSouth 2001, p. 143. There is information about the CVM restoration of the filmstrips and their use in performance on their VMFilms page.
1969WGBHThe video is available on vimeopro; James Nadeau’s MIT Comparative Media Studies Master’s Thesis; Girondo’s Lists of Films; Youngblood 1970, p. 306.
1970GerstnerGerstner 1986, pp. 124-162.
1973CohenKurzweil CyberArt’s History of AARON; Holtzman 1994, pp. 179-188.
1974-79SpiegelSpiegel’s Retiary Ramblings and Graphical Groove: Memorium for a Visual Music System.
1980WhitneyWhitney, Digital Harmony, 1980; Paul Prudence’s Dataisnature post.
1982KandinskyAmanda Brown’s Guggenheim Archives entry; Gerstner 1986, p. 166.
1984StadnikGeorge Stadnik’s Photon Guitar page; George’s photonlightguitars site.
1985MalinowskiStephen’s Music Animation Machine site; the MAM Timeline.
1990EvansEvans 1990; Holtzman 1994, pp. 189-90.
1998TwistBasil Twist site.
1999CohenUS Coast Card’s Bindu Visualization of Music page.
1999CunninghamOpen Ended Group’s Biped page.
2000Collopy
2000iotaProgram notes.
2003RekveldJoost Rekveld’s Sonic Light 2003 page.
2004CollopyHue to pitch correspondences page; Mattis, p. 215; Collopy, 2009, pp. 63-65.
2004PompidouSons & Lumieres, Centre Pompidou, 2004.
2005HirshhornVisual Music, Brougher, et al., 2005; the films are described on the CVM VMFilms page.
2009-18HydeSeeing Sound site.
2012FischingerCVM’s Raumlichtkunst site.
2013TurrellJillian Steinhauer’s Hyperallergic review Visions of Light at the Guggenheim.
2018CVMCenter for Visual Music Symposium site.